The winged bean plant has climbing stems and grows as a vine. It is a perennial herbaceous plant that can also be cultivated as an annual.
It is higher and wider than the ordinary bean. In immature pods, the skin is waxy, and the flesh is somewhat visible. When the pod is fully ripe, it turns ash-brown and cracks open to release the seeds.
The whole plant of the winged bean is edible. The leaves, blossoms, roots, and bean pods can all be consumed raw or cooked; the pods are edible even when immature. Cooked seeds are edible. Vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, and iron are among the nutrients found in each of these components. Young leaves can be harvested and cooked like a leaf vegetable. Many other root crops lack the protein found in winged bean roots.